Specific: From 1960 to 1965
about 1.000 M38A1 jeeps were delivered to the Danish
Army. Of those at least 400 were assembled locally by
Nordisk Diesel, the Danish distributor of the Willys
products. This took place in 1961.
M38A1 superseded the MB, the GPW and the Willys CJ2 and 3-series. Used for liaison, radio-car, and 106
mm recoilless rifle.
Superseded by M151A1
and Mercedes GD 240.
Historical: Development started in 1951. The
vehicle was launched in April 1952 as Willys MD and
standardised as M38A1. Although the "A1" suffix
implies that the M38A1 was simply an update of the M38,
that was not the case; it was virtually a new vehicle.
The M38, introduced in 1950 as the Willys MC, a
militarised version of the CJ-3A with 24 volt electric's,
looked very much like its wartime predecessor, the MB.
However it was slightly larger, giving the driver more
room. It was. however, powered by the same "Go
Devil" 2.199 cm3, 51 BHP engine.
Besides the standard M38A1 a front line ambulance (M170),
a 106 mm recoilless rifle carrier (M38A1C) and a 120 mm
recoilless rifle carrier (M38A1D) were produced.
The latter were capable of delivering an atomic round.
An experimental two-wheel-drive version was produced for
the US Air Force in 1955, but it probably did not go into
From 1952 - 1957 more than 75.000 were produced in USA
with some 20 percent going for export sales..
Also several thousand produced in Canada (Ford Motor
Company of Canada) as M38A1CDN, as M38A1CDN2 and CDN3
(Kaiser) and in the Netherlands (5.500 by NEKAF in
Rotterdam, and 2.000 by Kemper & Van Twist Diesel BV
Length: 3.52 m (137 inches).
Width: 1.59 m (62 inches).
Height: 1.86 m (72 inches).
Weight: 1.775 kg (3.905 lb.).
Engine: 4-cylinder, Willys type F4-134 Hurricane MD
F-head, 2.200 cm3 (134 cubic inches) displacement, liquid
Horsepower: 72 at 4.000 rpm.
Transmission: 3-speed, type Warner T-90.
Transfer case: 2-speed, type Spicer Model 18.
Electrical system: 24 volt, negative ground.
Tyres: 7.00 - 16.
without preparation: 0.94 m (36 inches).
with deep water fording kit: 1.778 m (69 inches).
Fuel type: Petrol.
Fuel capacity: 64 liter (14 gallons).
Range: 500 km (312 miles).
Crew: 1 + 3.