Previous manufacturerBack to index pageNext manufacturer CitroŽn  

1 9 1 3 - 1 9 1 6
Andrť CitroŽn creates the ę Sociťtť des Engrenages CitroŽn Ľ on the Quai de Grenelle in Paris. The chevron shape of its gear teeth becomes the marque’s symbol. In 1912, Andrť CitroŽn visits Henry Ford’s plants in the USA and discovers new principles for organizing production. In 1916, CitroŽn begins preparations to convert the Quai de Javel armament plant for vehicle production.

1 9 1 9
Launch of the Type A, the first car produced by CitroŽn and the first mass-produced automobile in Europe. Medical departments, cooperatives, day nurseries and dentist offices are set up in the CitroŽn plants.

1 9 2 1
Stocks of spare parts are created throughout France. The
B2 replaces the Type A, and close to 90,000 units are built through 1926.Three versions of the half-track vehicles (variations of the Type A and B2) are launched: snow, raid and four-wheel drive.

1 9 2 2
In a road-sign upgrading operation, CitroŽn provides France with 150,000 panels bearing the company’s symbol. The Torpedo 5CV TrŤfle and half-track vehicles are built at the newly commissioned Levallois plant. The Type C 5CV is presented at the Paris Auto Show, and nearly 81,000 units are produced through 1926.

1 9 2 3
Miniature automobiles are produced for advertising purposes. Over two million of these toys are sold through 1933. The Saint-Charles plant in Paris is created for gear box machining and assembly.

1 9 2 4
“Sociťtť Anonyme Andrť CitroŽn” is created with a capital of 100 million francs. Sales subsidiaries are opened in Brussels, Milan, Amsterdam, Cologne and other cities. CitroŽn creates an intercity bus transportation network.

1 9 2 5
The French sales network is expanded, increasing from 200 representatives in 1919 to 5,000 in 1925. Europe’s first forges begin operating at Clichy. The all-steel-body B12 is launched.

1 9 2 6
The B14 and B15 utility vehicles with closed cabins are launched. Production is Taylorized. Operations begin at the Grenelle plant, while other plants open elsewhere in Europe (Brussels-Forest, Slough, etc.).

1 9 2 7 - 1 9 2 8
The C4 is launched. A total of 140,000 are produced through 1930.

1 9 2 9 - 1 9 3 3
CitroŽn becomes synonymous with adventure and reliability because of its “Cruises”: the “Black Cruise,” a distance of 20,000 kilometers between Colomb-Bťchar and Tananarive, and the “Yellow Cruise,” in which 14 half-track vehicles make the 12,000-kilometer trip between Beirut and Beijing.

1 9 3 4
The 7A is rolled out. This is the first in the line of “Traction Avant” vehicles featuring an aerodynamic body, all-steel self-supporting monocoque construction with no running-board, independent front and rear wheels, front-wheel drive and hydraulic brakes
. This revolutionary new model did not, however, shield the company against serious financial problems. Michelin became its main shareholder, wiped off the company’s debt and matched production to orders. At total of 10,000 jobs were eliminated and vehicle prices came down. From 1935 to 1937, production surged from 40,000 to 61,000 vehicles.

1 9 3 5
Andrť CitroŽn, the man who had revolutionized the French automobile industry and invented modern advertising, dies on July 3.

1 9 3 7
The TUB revolutionary van is launched with front wheel drive, independant suspension on all 4 wheels, very low flat loading flor and side sliding door. Made only in 1937, this van is modified during the war to become in 1948 the type H also known as CHUB.

1 9 3 9 - 1 9 4 5
The Quai de Javel plant is bombed, and production drops to just a few thousand units.

1 9 4 8
The 2CV is launched. It remains in production until 1990, with over 30 versions and close to 3.9 million units produced. The Type H van, often wrongly called TUB instead of CHUB, is launched and production continues for more than 30 years. More than 490,000 units are produced.

1 9 5 0
The SCEMM subsidiary begins operations, manufacturing production equipment. Delivery of a 2CV can take up to four years, and second-hand vehicles is priced higher than new ones!

1 9 5 3
An agreement is signed with Panhard to partially merge the two sales networks. The Rennes-la-Barre-Thomas plant in Brittany goes into operation. It specializes in ball bearings and thermoplastic elastomer components.

1 9 5 4
The 15-Six represents a technical revolution, with its constant-height, hydropneumatic suspension. Operations begin in the hydraulic shops of the AsniŤres plant.

1 9 5 5
The DS19 is launched. The car, designed by Bertoni, is revolutionary for its aerodynamic lines, hydropneumatic suspension and power-driven systems. More than 1.4 million units of the DS are produced in almost 20 years.

1 9 5 8
The Vigo plant in Spain goes into production, turning out 2CV vans.

1 9 6 1
Operations begin at the Rennes-la-Janais plant. This is the first CitroŽn facility to produce bodies and assemble cars. The Ami 6 is launched. Over 1 million units are produced through 1971.

1 9 6 3 - 1 9 6 4
Purchased from Acieries de Pompey, the Caen plant will be manufacturing and assembling the chassis and suspension systems. The Competitions Department is created. The Mangualde plant in Portugal comes on stream to manufacture the 2CV. The Ami 6 station wagon is launched.

1 9 6 5
CitroŽn takes over Panhard. The DS 21 is introduced.

1 9 6 7
CitroŽn signs an industrial cooperation agreement with Berliet and acquires a majority interest in the company. The Dyane is launched; 1.4 million units are produced through 1983.

1 9 6 8
Following a reorganization, CitroŽn SA becomes the parent company of the CitroŽn Berliet Panhard group, with over 20 subsidiaries. CitroŽn signs agreements with Maserati and
Fiat on developing joint projects in such areas as research and investments. The Mťhari four-wheel drive vehicle is launched; 115,000 are produced through 1987.

1 9 6 9
The Citer car-rental organization is created. The Ami 6 is replaced by the Ami 8, of which 800,000 units are produced through 1979.

1 9 7 0
The GS is launched at the Paris Auto Show and the SM is unveiled at the Geneva Auto Show.

1 9 7 1
Sogamm, a CitroŽn’s subsidiary, is set up in Stains to produce prototypes of mechanical and body components. Five hundred 2CVs and 1,300 young drivers take part in the Paris-Persepolis-Paris rally. The GS is elected “Car of the Year.”

1 9 7 2
The Grenelle plant is closed and its production is transferred to Caen. The electronic-injection SM replaces the carburetor version.

1 9 7 3
The Aulnay plant comes on stream to replace the Javel plant, which is closed in 1974 after turning out 3.2 million vehicles, from the Type A to the DS. The sophisticated equipment at Aulnay makes it one of the most modern plants in Europe. The agreements between Fiat and CitroŽn are terminated. Fiat transfers its 49% interest to Michelin. CitroŽn organizes the “Africa raid” : 100 teams cover 8,000 km between Abidjan and Tunis.

1 9 7 4
The CX is launched to replace the DS, and the C35 utility vehicle designed with Fiat goes on the market. Peugeot SA buys 38.2% of the shares from CitroŽn SA. Each marque retains its product range and sales network. Peugeot becomes responsible for managing the combined activities, in particular their joint research, purchasing and investments departments.

1 9 7 5
The CX is elected “Car of the Year.”

1 9 7 6
The LN 2-door coupe is launched. More than 127,900 units of the car, which combines CitroŽn mechanical components with the body of the Peugeot 104 sedan, are produced through 1978. These models are assembled together with the CX on the same assembly line in Aulnay. CitroŽn SA and
Peugeot SA merge, and the holding company PSA Peugeot CitroŽn is created. It has two automobile manufacturing subsidiaries: Automobiles Peugeot and Automobiles CitroŽn.

Copyright © 1997 - 2024 Danish Army Vehicles Homepage