Specific: Late 1995 the Danish
Army ordered 8 MLRS, with ammunition worth 662 mill. DKr,
planned to serve Danish Division. Further 4 launchers is
planned implemented at Eastern Land Command. To support
the launchers 44 ammunitions-trucks with trailers and
supply- and maintenance-vehicles will be bought.
The MLRS will replace 155 and 203 mm howitzers
delivered through the MDAP after WW II. The system, with initial
deliverance of 4 launchers, was implemented 26 of October
The opening stage called for the "A1"-version,
but due to delay in deliverance the older M270 was
obtained. The launchers were planned up-graded to a
British specification worked out by the UK MOD.
The purchase of the MLRS was part of a larger
replacement of equipment. The Green Archer artillery locating radar will be
superseded by a new system by Erichsson Radar, Norway
called "ARTHUR", and to gather information by
electronic means a UAV system will be purchased.
With the Defence Agreement 2005 - 2009 made in
2004, it was decided that the MLRS no longer would be a
part of the inventory of the Danish Army.
After been kept in storage a sale finally came through in late 2013,
when a deal was struck with Finland about the purchase of all 12
launchers. The launchers will be used for drivers training only, and not
for operational use as the fire control computers have been removed
prior to sale..
Historical: The lightly armoured self-propelled
rocket artillery system, build by Lockheed Martin Vought
Systems in USA, is a stretched version of the M2 Bradley
infantry fighting vehicle. The launcher is a highly
automated self-loading and self-aiming system. It
contains a fire control computer that integrates the
vehicle and rocket launching operations. The rockets can
be fired individually or in ripples of two to twelve.
Accuracy is maintained in all firing modes because the
computer re-aims the launcher between rounds. The MLRS
launcher operates by day and night and in all weather
conditions. The purpose of the MLRS launch system is to
engage and defeat tube and rocket artillery, air defence
concentrations, trucks, light armour and personnel
carriers, as well as support troop and supply
concentrations. The MLRS crew can emplace the launcher,
fire a mission and leave the firing site without leaving
the cab. The cab also protects the crew from chemical,
biological and radiological warfare agents.
The fire control computer allows firing missions to be
carried out either manually or automatically. The
computer prompts the crew step by step through each
successive operation, and constantly checks the condition
of mission-critical functions. In both manual and
automatic mode, the crew has full control over the launch
sequence. In a typical fire mission, a command post
transmits the selected target data directly to the MLRS
launcher's computer. When activated, the computer aims
the launcher and prompts the crew to arm and fire a
pre-selected number of rounds. Multiple mission sequences
can be pre-programmed and stored in the computer.
Mounted on the rear of the vehicle hull, the launcher
loader module consists of a base, turret and cage.
Three-man crew consists of the driver, gunner and section
chief, all of whom are seated in the cab at the front of
The first production system was delivered to the US Army
in early 1982 and as of September 1995, a total of 857
launchers have been delivered, 772 to the active Army and
185 to the National Guard.
Length: 6.97 m (271 inches).
Width: 2.97 m (116 inches).
Height: 2.61 m (102 inches).
Weight: 28.000 kg (61.600 lb.).
Engine: V8-cylinder Cummins, type VTA-903T, 14.800
cm3 (903 cubic inches), turbo-charged.
Horsepower: 506 at 2.600 rpm.
Transmission: General Electric HMPT 500-3EC
Transfer case: None.
Electrical system: 24 volt, negative ground.
Brakes: Multiple plate, oil cooled.
without preparation: 1.1 m (43 inches).
with deep water fording kit: N/A.
Fuel type: Diesel.
Fuel capacity: 617 liter (163 gallons).
Range: 483 km (302 miles).
Armament: The standard rocket pod
comprises 6 glass fibre tubes with 227 mm rockets. The
pods are loaded by the integral twin boom loader system
of the launcher. Without leaving the cab the crew can
within one minute launch 12 rockets (2 pods), covering an
area of 500 x 500 m, at targets up to 45 km. In
comparison a 155 mm howitzer would use 88 grenades, and
be able to reach targets at a range of approx. 16 km.
The launcher is air-portable by C-130 Hercules.
During Operation Desert Storm the United States deployed
more than 230 MLRS, while the British deployed 16.
The system is operational in the US Army and fourteen
countries have fielded or are waiting delivery of MLRS:
Bahrain, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy,
Japan, South Korea, The Netherlands, Norway, Turkey and