Specific: After trials in 1998
- 99 the HMMWV was chosen to supersede the Land-Rover
88 as platform for
the TOW-launcher. 30 vehicles, which have replaced 60
Land-Rovers, were delivered via Hägglunds Vehicle AB in
The first "real" HMMWV to be implemented in the
The system was phased out without replacement in year 2010.
Historical: Based on the draft specification for
the High-Mobility-Multipurpose-Wheeled-Vehicle (HMMWV)
issued by the US Army in 1979. 3 companies, AM General,
Teledyne and Chrysler Defense were contenders for the
contract. Each company delivered 11 prototypes for
evaluation in 1982.
Food Machinery Corporation (FMC) intended to submit a
prototype, but due to other commitments was eventually
forces to withdraw.
After extensive testing and evaluation, AM General was
awarded an initial contract for 2.334 vehicles.
First five-year contract, which called for 55.000
vehicles in different configurations, was awarded by the
US Army Tank-Automotive command on March 22 1983. The
value of the contract was around $1.2 billion.
Large scale production started at the AM General
production facility in Mishawaka, Indiana in 1983, and
production vehicles started to enter service in late
In 1989 another five-year contract was issued covering
In 1994 AM General began production of an "A1"
upgraded series of vehicles, using the heavier M1097
chassis. Among other improvements were new front seats,
handbrake lever, glow-plug controller and up-graded rear
The "A2" series appeared in 1995. Among the
changes was a 6.500 cm3 engine developing 160 hp and an
electronically controlled 4-speed automatic transmission.
Also rear seats similar to the A1-series front seats were
added. The vehicle was build as "CTIS-ready" -
ready to accept a central tire inflation system.
Development of an "A3" series, which includes a
new engine and addition of an anti-lock brake system,
started in late year 2000.
Total production by the beginning of year 2004 was more
than 160.000 vehicles.
The HMMWV replaced among others the M151, the M274 Mule and the M561 Gama
Goat in the US armed Forces.
Length: 4.84 m (188 inches).
Width: 2.55 m (99 inches).
Height: 1.83 m (71 inches).
Weight: 4.900 kg (10.780 lb.).
Engine: GM V8-cylinder, 6.500 cm3 (396 cubic inches)
displacement, water cooled, fuel injection.
Horsepower: 159 at 3.400 rpm.
Transmission: 4-speed, type 4L80E.
Transfer case: 2-speed.
Electrical system: 24 volt, negative ground.
without preparation: 0.76 m (30 inches).
with deep water fording kit: 1.52 m (60 inches).
Tyres: 37 x
12.5 - R16.5LT.
Fuel type: Diesel.
Fuel capacity: 95 liter (21 gallons).
Range: 300 km (187 miles).
Crew: 1 + 3.
Armament: 147 mm TOW-launcher. 6 reload
missiles are carried in the cargo compartment. The
missiles carries a high-explosive, armour-piercing,
shaped-charge warhead that when its hits an enemy tank,
produces a concentrated heat stream that can burn through
all but the latest composite armour.
The crew can rapidly dismount the system for ground use,
Additional: The M1045A2 is one of the
TOW Missile Carrier configurations of the HMMWV family.
The vehicle is equipped with supplemental armour and TOW
launcher mounted on the roof of the vehicle. The vehicle
is used to transport and launch TOW missiles to defeat
armoured vehicles. The weapons platform can be traversed
360 degrees and the launcher elevated to 20 degrees and
depressed to 10 degrees. All vehicles are equipped with
VHF-radios. The vehicle can climb 60% slopes and traverse
a side slope of up to 40% fully loaded. The M1045A2 model
has the latest modifications applied to the vehicle.
Equipped with Webasto diesel-powered engine-heater.
AM General HMMWV M1045A2 FAV (115 kb)
AM General HMMWV M1045A2 Recon (47 kb)