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Citroen Kegresse (Side view, right side)


Side view, right side

Picture courtesy of Bilhistorisk Tidsskrift, spring 1976.


Danish Army Specific: The CitroŽn K1 which was based on the CitroŽn type B2, was bought in 1923 for evaluation purposes and was licensed "HtK 129". Acquisition price was around 12.000,- Danish kroner. The performance of the CitroŽn was tested in summer 1923 and winter 1923/24 (note ski on front-wheels). The tests went well and in 1924 further 2 CitroŽns P7T (licensed HtK 75 & HtK 244) were bought. The vehicles went through extensive testing and after some years they were all worn out.
Note the extra cooling air louvres in the hood.
In 1932 a new
18 hp CitroŽn P17 (35 kb) was delivered and the 3 worn out 10 hp Kegresses went back to CitroŽn as part of the payment.
One of the tasks foreseen for the Kegresse-vehicles was to perform reconnaissance for artillery-units.
Historical: The Kegresse-drive, which was mounted with a endless rubber band was invented in 1910 - 11 by Adolph Kťgresse, a Frenchman who had worked as technical manager for the Russian Czar Nicholas II from 1906 to 1917. Mr. Kegresse converted the Packard and Rolls-Royce cars of Czar Nicolas, as well as some Austin-Putilov armoured cars. A lot of Packard trucks were converted with the Kegresse-drive in 1915, and used as ambulances.
Other companies like Caterpillar and Holt in the United States had toyed with the idea of a halftrack, but Adolph Kťgresses solution with a rubber band gave a more comfortable ride, and didn't tear up the road surface.
After the revolution he returned to France via Finland and, in conjunction with Mr. Jacques Hinstin, produced a boogie which was adopted by Andrť CitroŽn in 1920.
In 1922, five CitroŽn-Kegresse K1 vehicles successfully completed the Trans-Sahara Expedition crossing the desert to Timbuktu. Two years later, Georges-Marie Haardt and Louis Audion-Dubreuill used CitroŽn-Kegresse vehicles to traverse Africa in an eight-month journey that proved the concept.
The CitroŽn Kegresse was manufactured at Courbevoie and later at CitroŽns Lavalllois factory in the northern suburbs of Paris.
Kegresse-equipped vehicles were used by the French Army as field car, armoured car, tractor, anti aircraft gun mount, cavalry vehicle and telephone engineersī vehicle up to the outbreak of WW II.
Other known users were Belgium, Chile, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and the United States.
Some of the above mentioned countries only tested the Kegresse-drive, some acquired a licence to produce it, and some bought complete vehicles to their armed forces.
Length: N/A.
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: Own 4-cylinder, 1.500 cm3 (91 cubic inches) displacement.
Horsepower: 10.
Transmission: N/A.
Transfer case: N/A.
Electrical system: N/A.
Brakes: N/A.
Tyres: N/A.
Fuel type: Petrol.
Fuel capacity: N/A.
Range: N/A.
Crew: N/A.
Additional: The shown vehicle was bases on the Type B2. Produced from 1921 to 1924 it was the first CitroŽn Kegresse commercial available. Driving sprockets were on fixed rear axle; forward end of boogie could move up and down.
A picture of a
CitroŽn Kegresse with the revised rear boogie (P7) has appeared. The history of this vehicle and is not known.

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