Specific: Delivered by the
British forces in Germany just after WW II.
Historical: The prototype of the Pioneer dates
back to 1925. It was developed as a logging and oilfield
tractor with the first prototype ready in June 1927. By 1928 Scammell was offering the Pioneer in 6 x
6 and 6 x 4 configuration powered by a 7-litre four
cylinder Scammell petrol engine.
The company was quick to
promote the Pioneer as a military vehicle, but apart from
a single 20 ton tank transporter (6 x 4) in 1932 the
British Army didn't purchase any in quantity, until
starting to take the R100 heavy artillery tractor version
in late 1936 (by now looking very different from the original
In 1939 with the build up to war production of the
recovery tractor (shown above) started along with a
'modernised' tank transporter.
The first recovery tractor, designated SV/1S (23 ea) and SV/1T (20 ea) was produced
under 4 contracts in 43 examples only, when an up-dated
version, the SV/2S was placed into production.
The Gardner 6 LW engine, which were used in Scammel´s
products from 1933 onwards, also powered Scammell R100
artillery-tractor, Scammell TMRU20/30 tank-transporter and other British
trucks like DG6/10 and DG6/12 from Foden.
Constant modification enabled the range of LW-engines to
stay in front of diesel-engine development for two
decades, and it remained in production for 35 years. Besides the
6-cylinder engine the LW-series contained two, four, five and eight
cylinder versions. More than 90.000 engines were produced.
Approximately 3.500, of which 1.975 were recovery
vehicles, had been produced with production ending in 1945.
A civilian version continued for a few years called the
Scammell 80 toner. This was intended as a heavy haulage
tractor and apart from the larger cab was all most
identical to the wartime model. This was eventually
replaced by the Constructor.
The R100 artillery tractor soldiered on till around 1950 where it was
replaced by the Leyland Martian. The recovery version continued into the
Length: 6.17 m (243 inches).
Width: 2.64 m (104 inches).
Height: 2.87 m (113 inches).
Weight: 9.740 kg (21.645 lb.).
Engine: 6-cylinder Gardner, type 6 LW, 8.369 cm3 (510
cubic inches) displacement.
Horsepower: 102 at 1.700 rpm.
Transfer case: None.
Electrical system: 24volt starting and charging,
12 volt lighting.
Brakes: Air servo-assisted, mechanical.
Tyres: 13.50 - 20.
without preparation: N/A.
with deep water fording kit: N/A.
Fuel type: Diesel.
Fuel capacity: 245 liter (54 gallons).
Range: Approx. 690 km (430 miles).
Crew: Typically 3.
Additional: 7.5 ton winch, and 3 ton
Herbert Morris sliding jib. Maximum speed was 24 mph (38
km/h). More information about Scammell trucks are
available at Paul's Scammell page.