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Leopard 1 AVLB (Biber) (Front view, left side)

 
 

Front view, left side

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Danish Army Specific: To supersede the Centurion AVLB, 10 AVLB (Biber) were bought from the German (2) and the Dutch Army (8) in 1994 and implemented after a rebuild in 1994 - 1997. The Dutch vehicles were delivered with D139 tracks, which were replaced with the more widely used D640A tracks.
All spare-bridges delivered by the German Army, and are carried by
IVECO Magirus MP260E37W trucks.
The AVLB are operated by the engineers.
Historical
: Development of the Biber started in 1965 and two prototypes were build in 1969. The rear of the vehicle, which was based on the Leopard 1 MBT, was extended to be able to house the bridging mechanism.
First production batch commenced in 1973 and was completed in 1975. The vehicle is produced by Machinenfabrik Kiel (MaK) with EWK of Kaiserslautern as subcontractor regarding production of the bridges.
A total of 105 vehicles have been delivered to the German Army.
Other known users are Australia, Canada, Italy and Norway.
Length: 11.79 m (460 inches).
Width: 4.00 m (156 inches).
Height: 3.55 m (138 inches).
Weight: 45.450 kg (99.990 lb.).
Armour
: 10 - 70 mm (0.4 - 2.8 inches).

Engine: V10-cylinder MTU MB 838 CaM-500, 37.400 cm3 (2.281 cubic inches), turbo-charged.
Horsepower: 830 at 2.200 rpm.
Transmission: 4-speed ZF Hydromedia 4 HP 250 gearbox.
Transfer case: N/A.
Electrical system: 24 volt.
Brakes: N/A.
Fording depth:
without preparation: 1.20 m (47 inches).
with preparation: 1.65 m (64 inches).
Fuel type: Multi-fuel.
Fuel capacity: 985 liter (216 gallons).
Range: 450 km (281 miles).
Crew: 2.
Armament: 2 x 4 smoke dischargers.
Additional: The bridge has a span of 22 meters, allows a gap of up to 20 meters to be breached and is 4 meters wide. Its designed to vehicles up to
MLC 60 or MLC 70 with special precautions.


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